IAEA Report on Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

IAEA Report on Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

IAEA Report on Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

The International Atomic Energy Agency, in its recent report, has said that it required access to some parts of the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant reactor, including unit 3 and unit 4 of the rooftop, some parts of the cooling system, and also some parts of the turbine hall. The purpose of this request was to have a proper inspection of the reactor by the experts. 

During the past 2 days, Kyiv and Moscow are constantly accusing each other of planning to put mines and sabotaging the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant without providing any evidence of their claims. 

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has openly said that Russia had put mines in the plant and it was a fact. He said that Moscow was planning to do a ‘false-flag operation' to destroy the plant. Moscow, on the other hand, was also accusing Ukraine of planning to damage the plant. 

Volodymyr Zelenskyy further said that since the International community had not punished Russia over the destruction of the hydroelectric dam, it motivated it to plan that attack on the Power plant.

ZNPP is the largest European Nuclear Power Plant whose security has become a major concern for the concerning entities. The IAEA has been alarming the concerns of a possible radiation disaster in the ZNPP, similar to what happened in 1989 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. 

The Ukrainian health ministry has warned the people living near the ZNPP area to be ready to evacuate the place. It said if a radiation disaster happened, about 300,000 people would have to be evacuated.

Hence, the IAEA has requested access to have an on-ground inspection for the security of the nuclear power plant. Securing the power plant from any kind of damage has become crucial to prevent a catastrophe similar to Chernobyl.

The ZNPP is under Russia’s control since last year and much of its main cables have been cut according to IAEA’s previous reports. On July 1, 2023, IAEA reported that the only available 330kV backup line, which was disconnected for months, had been connected again. 

On July 4, 2023, it was reported that the last main line, which was 750kV, had been disconnected. On July 5, 2023, the report said that the 750kV main line was connected again. While it was disconnected, the backup line provided energy for the cooling system. 

The Director General of IAEA, Rafael Mariano Grossi, gave five basic principles for the protection of ZNPP in the UN Security Council, in May 2023. She demanded those principles be upheld. Those principles not only forbade any form of attack from or against the power plant but also disallowed any kind of heavy weaponry storage.

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